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Power Sector

- - - - - Power Sector

208 replies to this topic

#1
AbDuLmAtEeNkHaN

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    700 MW additional power from wind energy by 2010

    ISLAMABAD (updated on: June 30, 2007, 00:31 PST): Alternative Energy Development Board (AEDB) will induct 700 MW additional power from wind energy resources by 2010.

    According to official sources, Letters of Intent have been issued to 84 investors for starting renewable energy projects, initially based on wind power of 50 MW.

    They said Gharo wind power plant is one of the first projects of the Board, adding, the Government of Sindh has provided an area of 23,000 acre for the purpose.

    So far 140 wind turbines have been installed in Sindh and Balochistan providing electricity to the local areas including 85 in Thatta, 15 in Lasbela, 40 installed at various universities and R&D for research purpose.

    Sources said one wind turbine is also being installed in Azad Jammu and Kashmir on trial basis.

    According to them, three MW solar manufacturing plant would be upgraded as solar cell manufacturing plant in near future.

    They said the Board is striving hard to share the burden from renewable energy. They said one of the mandates of the Board is to play a pivotal role in establishing international linkages and engaging in the transfer of the state of the art know how on renewable energy technologies to local research institutions and industries.

    Sources said the incentives announced by the government for investors will ensure maximum participation of the private sector and help development of wind and solar energy to meet energy requirements.

    They said the government is working to meet energy demand by focusing on promotion of renewable energy resources. They added the foreign investors can give boost to this sector.

    The country is facing a serious challenge of energy deficit and yearly energy demand is increasing 8-12 percent. Renewable energy resources can play an important role in bridging this deficit.

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    #2
    AbDuLmAtEeNkHaN

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    Government encouraging private sector investments in energy sector: Prime Minister

    ISLAMABAD (July 06 2007): Prime Minister Shaukat Aziz on Thursday said as the demands for energy are increasing rapidly due to high growth, the government is encouraging private sector investments to bridge the gap between demand and supply. He was chairing a meeting here to review the progress on Independent Power Projects (IPPs).

    The prime minister said the demand for electricity is growing by 9.5 percent per annum and the government is taking short- and medium term steps to overcome the gap. He said as achieving energy security is among the major global challenges, energy, food and water security were major priorities of the government.

    Shaukat Aziz said as a result of the focus of the government a number of power projects are at various stages of completion in the public and private sector. He said the economic stability, consistency and continuity of policies as well as the investment-friendly policies of the government have restored the confidence of investors and a number of companies have showed interest in investing in the power sector.

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    #3
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    China building new nuclear plant to curb growing use of coal and oil

    Associated Press of Pakistan

    BEIJING: China began building the first nuclear power plant in its northeast on Saturday, part of a rapid nuclear expansion meant to curb growing use of coal and oil, a state news agency said.

    The 50 billion yuan ($6.5 billion; euro5 billion) Hongyanhe power plant in Dalian will have six 1-megawatt generating units, the Xinhua News Agency said. It is based on Chinese-developed technology.

    The first generating unit is due to go into operation in 2012 and the rest by 2014, Xinhua said.

    China plans to build 31 new nuclear plants by 2020 as it tries to meet the soaring energy demands of its booming economy while curbing reliance on oil and coal. The country has four nuclear plants in operation, all in the fast-growing east and southeast.

    Equipment suppliers are looking to China to sustain sales at a time when few other countries are planning new plants. But Beijing also is trying to develop its own technology.

    The northeast, once the center for state-owned heavy industry, has lagged behind in the past two decades of capitalist-style reforms. But the government has launched a new initiative to develop the region.

    The Dalian plant "will help ease the increasing electricity demand in the northeast boosted by the country's strategy of revitalizing the region," said Liu Huanxin, a Liaoning provincial economic official quoted by Xinhua.

    The Dalian plant is being built by a consortium of three state-owned Chinese companies.

    Guangdong Nuclear Power Group, which operates nuclear plants in the southeastern province of Guangdong, and China Power Investment Corp. each will own 45 percent of the plant. The Dalian Municipal Construction Investment Co. will hold the remaining 10 percent.

    Once completed, the plant should have an annual generating capacity of 30 billion kilowatt hours, supplying 10 percent of the total output of China's northeast, Xinhua said.

    China is the world's second-largest power consumer after the United States and the third-largest oil importer.

    Government plans call for nuclear plants to supply 4 percent of China's power needs by 2020, up from 2 percent last year. To keep up with fast-growing consumption, that will require expanding generating capacity from 8 million kilowatts this year to 40 million kilowatts.

    Beijing also is promoting solar, wind and other renewable energy but is expected to continue to rely heavily on coal and oil.

    Other nuclear plants in China are based on Chinese, French, Russian and Canadian technology.

    Westinghouse Electric Co. signed agreements in July to sell the first four U.S.-designed nuclear power plants to China.

    As part of that deal, Westinghouse agreed to hand over technology to make its newest reactor. That is expected to make Westinghouse's third-generation AP1000 reactors the basis of China's future efforts to develop nuclear power technology.

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    700mw wind energy to be harnessed by 2010
    84 sensors installed to set up power plants | Coastal cities and Karachi would be ideal
    Amna Malik

    LAHORE: The Pakistan Meteorological Department has installed 43 wind sensors along coastal areas of Sindh and Balochistan and 41 others in the Northern Areas to collect data in order to set up wind power plants at suitable points for harvesting wind energy, official sources disclosed on Saturday.

    A corridor between Gharo and Keti Bandar, one of the sites where the wind data have been studied by the meteorological department, has been found feasible for setting up wind farms.

    According to measurements at Gharo, carried out over 24 months, the annual mean wind speed is estimated to be 6.86m/s at 50m above ground level.

    The annual power density of the area is 408.6W/square meter, which brings the site into category III of power potential, making it suitable for large economically viable wind farm, says the feasibility study.

    Capacity of each turbine would be 50 megawatts but the power generation would be around 35 percent of the installed capacity based on the wind record.

    Under the Renewable Energy Policy announced by the government in December, 700mw of wind energy would be harnessed by 2010 under the short-term plan. Under the policy, wind energy would have a five percent share of the total hydroelectric and thermal energy resources of the country. According to the findings of the 'Wind power potential survey of coastal areas of Pakistan,' funded by the ministry of science and technology, Sindh's coastal areas were found to have greater wind power potential than those of Balochistan. Potential areas cover 9,700 square kilometers in Sindh.

    A typical wind farm of 30 turbines might extend over an area of one square kilometer but only one percent of the land would be taken in use, the remainder can be used for purposes such as farming.

    The trend today in Europe and America is that any one can consume power from the grid and at the same time can supply power to the grid and is only billed for the net balance. People install solar panels at their roof tops. In other cases industries install medium size turbines of 500kw in their premises.

    The turbine is attached to the local power company's grid, such as LESCO or KESC etc. and whatever electricity is generated by the windmill will be bought by the electric utility. The business model is unusual in that whatever is generated is deducted from the company's utility bill. The wind mill owner only pays the difference or if the turbine supplies more, then local power supplier company will pay at the same rate that it sells power.

    At present, oil accounts for approximately 45 percent of total commercial energy supply, the share of natural gas is 34 percent, while that of hydel power remains roughly at 15 percent. Wind power provides an opportunity to reduce dependence on imported fossil fuel and expand the power supply capacity to remote locations where grid expansion is not practical.

    Wind energy is an ideal renewable energy because it is pollution-free, infinitely sustainable, doesn't require any fuel, doesn't create greenhouse gasses and doesn't produce toxic or radioactive waste.

    Renewable energy accounts for about 1/10th of the world's primary energy supply, but the technical potential is large enough to cover even the projected energy consumption in 2100 many times over. Renewable technologies such as geothermal and hydropower are often economically competitive with nonrenewable energy sources. Other technologies such as solar power are more expensive, although future costs may decline to a fraction of current levels. Renewable energy is derived from natural processes that are replenished constantly. In its various forms, it derives directly from the sun or from heat-generated deep within the earth. Included in the definition is electricity and heat-generated from solar, wind, ocean, hydropower, biomass, geothermal resources, and bio fuels and hydrogen derived from renewable resources.

    The beauty of renewable energy is that the raw material is inexhaustible, no foreign exchange is needed to purchase, no need to transport raw material to the point of consumption, no congestion on ports, no need to upgrade rail links and roads, no pipeline needed to transport raw material. No problem of logistics.

    It's abundant, inexhaustible and it's clean unlike nuclear and fossil fuels, this does not produce pollutants, heat-trapping greenhouse gases or hazardous wastes.

    Countries in Europe, especially Germany, have been harnessing this source of energy. Germany leads the world in wind power capacity with the United States following. Spain and Denmark are in third and fourth place, respectively. Some developing countries, too, have jumped on the wind power bandwagon. Argentina and India are making massive investments in wind power.

    With energy blackouts predicted to getting bigger in the coming years in Pakistan despite its enormous energy resources potential, Pakistan remains energy deficient and has to rely on imports to satisfy its needs. Oil and gas account for more than three-quarter of the commercial energy consumption in the country. Gas has emerged over the years as the leading domestic source of energy. The imports of oil account for 85 percent of oil consumption in the country and 42.8 percent of commercial energy consumption. The production of indigenous oil is around 15 percent of total imports of oil products, which is likely to remain the case.

    The federal government established the Alternative Energy Development Board in 2003 to exploit renewable energy resources. Their target was to produce 2030mw through renewable means.

    Sector Investment and Participation. One of the mandates of the board establishing international linkages and engaging in the transfer of state-of-the-art know how on renewable energy technologies to local research institutions and industries in Pakistan.

    Everything is still only on paper and we have so far been able to produce less than 1mw of energy under that board.

    Last week the Asian Development Bank (ADB) pledged $ 510 million loan to develop clean and efficient sources of power. Director, Pakistan Council of Renewable Energy Technologies, Ministry of Science and Technology, Ghulam Umar Sarhandi said that idea of wind energy "is very doable, especially in the coastal cities, and Karachi would be ideal, which already has a KESC grid." The council has been setting up smaller turbines in remote villages along the coast where the electric company's grid have not yet reached and the electricity generated by the wind turbines are stored in batteries. He said it would be ideal to have a windmill park at Hawkesbay and connect it to the main grid. "It's done all over the world, and is the need of the day, but it's the initial cost that makes people balk at the idea." however, "lack of wind data makes it difficult" to gauge not only the potential of wind energy but also the suitable sites where wind turbines can be set up. Most of the turbines that have been set up by PCRET are imported from China. A small 500-watt turbine and all the other paraphernalia cost between Rs 50,000 to Rs 55,000.

    There are a few hitches: Foremost is the investment cost ($ 2,000/kw) and capacity utilization, the new equipment only becomes attractive if power is purchased at the rate of Rs 6.25/kw and above compared to Rs 3/unit/kwh (with all surcharges included) that KESC sells to its consumers at present. For residential purposes, this is a costly venture unless the government subsidises the effort. But for commercial purposes, it is an extremely viable option. However, the idea is not to sell electricity as much as paying for the extra (if at all) supplied by local power supply company, at the end of each month. Wind energy, is favoured along this coastal belt of Pakistan.

    Solar radiation is not strong enough due to cloudy/partly cloudy weather from April to September. However, solar energy projects have been initiated in some interior areas of Sindh where the sun's rays are better captured.

    Another problem with installing photovoltaic cells in the coastal areas is of their maintenance. "The cells have to be kept squeaky clean and this is not always possible due to the moist sandy wind blowing in from the coasts." However, this does not hamper the working of the wind turbines.

    Govt is keen in supporting and implementing renewable energy projects but till 2 months back the main focus was on large-scale projects requiring huge investment. With recently announced renewable energy policy it is now possible for small and medium size investor/industries to invest in renewable energy projects and share the burden of govt.

    Industries can now set up a wind turbine in their back yard and reduce their fuel bill by exercising net metering option where excess power goes back to the grid. Other option available is of wheeling where a small fee has to be paid for wheeling allowing generation and consumption at two different places. No need of any approval or agreement on power purchase rates. The renewable energy plant owner only pays for the net power consumed.

    The people who are gung ho about wind power say somehow they get the feeling investing in renewable energy does not have the same sizzle as, say, building big dams or developing islands to cater to the whims of the affluent. "The priorities are warped and politicians don't care," says an insider in the ministry of science and technology, requesting anonymity. The official has long studied ways to harness the wind energy. It's not that the government has not done enough research. Enough reports and feasibilities have been carried out, all that is now needed in implementation.

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    5,500 megawatt electricity gap within two years likely

    Zaheer Shahzad

    LAHORE: The unending differences between the Ministry of Water and Power and the Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA) and the slow progress on the power generation projects is bound to make the country see an all-time high gap of about 5,500 megawatts of electricity in the supply and demand within next two years, The Post learned on Monday.

    The total power production would be about 15,100 megawatts from various hydel, oil and coal-fired projects as against an estimated demand of around 20,600 megawatts, making it certain that a worst kind of load-shedding would be in the offing. Sources said that the slow growth of projects are responsible to make electricity available and this could be gauged from the fact that from the year 2004 to 2005, the increase in power production was about 0.5 percent, whereas during the same period the demand for the energy rose to about 11.75 percent. However, Wapda insiders pointed out that they had been working more on coal or oil-fired projects, which might be completed by 2009.

    But the way these projects were being handled, they said, there was little likelihood that they would be ready by their planned time.

    The tragedy, they said, was that Wapda engineers were overlooking the non-dam hydel power production capacity of over 27,000 megawatts from the available river system in the country.

    To hide its inefficiency, they said, Wapda in collusion with the Ministry of Finance was chalking out a strategy to increase tariff for all categories of consumers. Though the exact size of increase is not known, they said, adding the officials working in close association with the Ministry of Finance hinted that it would be over 20 percent.

    "The Ministry of Finance has already contacted the Ministry of Water and Power to talk about the ways and means and the time when the new tariff should be announced and implemented," they told The Post. It is believed that the government, which has been experiencing embarrassment due to shortage of wheat flour in the market in recent weeks, rapid escalation in the prices of ghee and pulses, is not willing to allow WAPDA to make consumers to pay higher tariff. "But new tariff would have to be implemented to bail off Wapda from the difficult situation it is caught in at present, though due to its own inefficiency," they added.

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    ETA pumps $136mn into Pakistan power sector

    Dubai-based ETA Star Group plans to invest 500 million dirhams ($136.2 million) in power projects in Pakistan, the company said on Saturday.

    ETA, part of the Abdullah Al Ghurair Group, said it has signed a deal with the Ministry of Water and Power to develop a 134-megawatt power plant in the country’s southern Sindh province.

    Pakistan will provide gas for the plant from its Mari Deep reserves for 25 years, ETA said.

    The project is expected to be completed by 2010.

    ETA said it is also developing an 825 million dirham hydropower station in northern Pakistan through TransAsia Gas International, a subsidiary of Al Ghurair Investment.

    TransAsia, one of the pre-qualified bidders for the privatisation of Pakistan State Oil Company, is also developing a 100,000 barrels per day (bpd) capacity petroleum refinery at Port Qasim in Karachi, ETA said.

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